What is Dysgraphia? Signs, Diagnosis, & Treatments

What is dysgraphia? Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects writing abilities and motor skills. It can cause difficulties with spelling, handwriting, organizing written work, and forming letters or numbers correctly. Dysgraphia may also make it difficult to write within a defined space or express thoughts.

Child with dysgraphia and teacher

The Signs of Dysgraphia

The signs of dysgraphia vary depending on the individual; some people may have trouble only with certain aspects of writing, while others may experience issues across all areas. Common signs include:

  • Difficulty organizing ideas in writing
  • Frequent erasures when trying to write
  • Avoiding tasks that involve writing
  • Struggling with spelling even after memorizing words
  • Taking an unusually long time to finish projects involving writing
  • Poor handwriting quality (including irregular letter sizes)
  • Writing sentences without spaces or capitalization
  • Copying words from one line to the next without leaving space.
  • Dysgraphia Diagnosis

    Dysgraphia is diagnosed based on a comprehensive evaluation of an individual's academic performance, cognitive abilities, motor skills, and writing ability. A doctor may also conduct tests to measure fine motor skills and other issues, such as memory problems or difficulty understanding language. Depending on the individual's needs, an assessment may include a speech-language pathologist, occupational therapist, educational psychologist, psychiatrist, or neurologist.

    Dysgraphia Treatment

    The signs of dysgraphia vary depending on the individual, and treatment depends on the individual.

    Treatment for dysgraphia depends on the individual; most people benefit from specialized instruction in reading and writing, including multisensory structured language instruction (MSLI). In addition to this type of instruction, accommodations such as extra time for tests, word processors, and other assistive technology can help students succeed in school. Additional therapies, such as occupational therapy, may be recommended to improve fine motor skills. Dysgraphia should be addressed early to prevent difficulties later in life; speaking with a professional is the first step towards getting the support an individual needs.

    Dysgraphia can affect people of all ages but is mainly seen during childhood. Understanding the signs and symptoms of dysgraphia can help ensure individuals get the help they need to succeed academically and socially. With proper diagnosis and treatment, those affected by dysgraphia can have successful careers and lead fulfilling lives.

    Choose the Community School

    At the Community School, we understand that every student has unique strengths and weaknesses, and we strive to meet the needs of each individual. We have a dedicated team of specialists who work with students one-on-one to ensure they receive the best educational experience. If your child is affected by dysgraphia, please contact us today. We can help!